Cloud computing is the next generation in the internet age that provides a conduit to carry software, applications and data on the go. Cloud computing can also be described as distributed computing over a network. This network-based service allow running of a program or application on a network of computers connected through a real time communication link such as the internet.
It is basically a network on which the services like software delivery, storage and infrastructure is provided. The “cloud” is essentially made up of the network on which these services are distributed. It also consists of a set of storage, services, hardware and interfaces that is offered as a service to the end user. There are four main characteristics of cloud computing. These include self-service provisioning, application programming interfaces (APIs) flexibility in terms of ability to scale up or scale down, and automatic deprovisioning, billing and metering of service in a convenient pay-as-you-go model.
This service offers much flexibility that is making it attractive to businesses as well as individuals to move to cloud. These flexibilities allow the end users to save time, money, efforts and space.
Some of the advantages of cloud computing are listed below.
Efficient allocation of resources
Cloud computing helps in efficient allocation of resources between multiple users and helps in reallocation of resources based on demand and usage. Since allocation of resources is done based on demand it help users to run their programs faster and better. The autonomic computing automates the process of distribution of resources minimizing human involvement and hence minimizing the scope of errors.
Reduced Cost of Infrastructure
Cloud computing is based on the principle of economies of scale and sharing of resources which help in reducing the overall cost and investment in infrastructure, leaving the company more funds to allocate to other important projects.
Reduced requirement for space
Cloud computing is based on virtualization which means replacing the physical infrastructure with a virtual one. This of course helps minimize space requirement for bulky hardware giving the business a more sleek and ergonomic appeal.
The reduced need for physical infrastructure also means reduced need for power to run the infrastructure. Hence, the more efficient usage of the existing infrastructure enabled by cloud computing is definitely an environment friendly move.
Cloud computing technology arguably helps beef up security for data as the systems are centralized. Also because of efficient allocation of resources, more resources are freed up to monitor and manage security aspects of the data.
For businesses, cloud computing has changed the way the conduct their affairs with their clients as well as their suppliers and partners. Even individuals today are using cloud computing without understanding it much but are benefiting from it nonetheless. This new feather in the cap of internet evolution is able to provide computing power, computing infrastructure, personal collaboration, and even business processes, whenever you want and wherever you want.